The cyclop cow (latin: Mono-Oculo Bovinae) is a breed of wild cow originating from the Greek
island of Cowosia.
2. Indigenous populations
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Description: Considerably smaller than the standard American or European farm cow, most adult cyclop cows are about the size of a full grown large dog, though their body will have shorter legs and a larger posterior. A full-sized cyclop cow can weigh around 100–200 pounds. Cyclop cows can be easily recognized from other cow breeds by their size, color, long tail, and single eye.
Though not completely physically matured, bulls, un-neutered male cows, become fertile at one year of age. Both male and female cyclop cows are considered fully grown by three years of age and have an average life span of fifty years. Female cyclop cows can reproduce up to 4 calves yearly until they reach their middle age of 35-40 years old.
The obvious trait of cyclop cows is their single eye, unlike much of their mammal class counterpart. This unique anatomy limits their ability to have a wider field of vision and, thus, leaves them vulnerable to predators who ambush and attack from the side. However, the single eye does have its special function: with it deep lens and special retina, the cyclop cows can see a small object clearly from a distance of over 300 yards. As omnivores, this special ability helps them locate and find small prey and edible vegetation at great distances.
Cyclop cows are wide and short legged, yet nimble enough to move fast through the bushes and thick forest of their habitat. Their three foot long tail helps them balance while their dark, short green coat camouflages them and hidden from nearby predators.
In 2010, according Dr. Coral Jones, a biologist of the Wildlife Protective Agency, it is estimated that about 5,000 cyclop cows are living around the dense forest region of Cowosia. No one knows exactly how long the specie has been here, but Cowosia is believed to be the only place where they can be found. After
Pharoanic period wall paintings found in Egypt, depicting Cowosian warriors riding one-eye cows, suggest that the specie has been discovered as early as 3100 BC. However, only about 10 sightings of these illusive cyclop cows have been seen.
By: Duc Nguyen, Chi Tran
Citation: Jones, C. (2010). Cyclop Cow: The Next Endangered Specie. National Geographic, 169(2) 191-197.